Friday, August 23, 2013

E. Ingraham Antique Clocks from Merritt's

After a suggestion from one of our loyal Facebook fans, it seemed like a good idea to put together a post of some of our favorite E. Ingraham clocks currently in our collection. So, here are our top ten favorites that we currently have lying around the clock shop. Enjoy!

1. E. Ingraham Grecian Mosiac Antique Clock

  • Price - $465.00
  • Description
    • 8 Day Time and Strike
    • Original Dial
    • Good Original Label
    • Slight Veneer Missing on Bottom Edge
    • Walnut Case
    • 14 1/2" Tall

2. Ingraham Doric Antique Clock

  • Price - $150.00
  • Description
    • 8 Day Time, Strike, and Alarm
    • Repainted Tablet Held by Fresh Putty
    • Replacement Paper Dial
    • 16" Tall

3. E. Ingraham Wizard Antique Mantel Clock

  • Price - $100.00
  • Description
    • Enameled Wood Case
    • 10 1/4" Tall
    • 8-Day Time and Strike Movement
    • Nice Label on Back
    • Replaced Paper Dial

4. Antique Ingraham Era Mantel Clock

  • Price - $140.00
  • Description
    • 8 Day Time and Strike on Bell movement
    • Circa 1880
    • Paper on Inside of Case Marked Ingraham
    • Original Paper Dial
    • Rosewood Case with Smoke Grain Painted Door
    • 15 1/4" Tall

5. Antique Ingraham Victorian Shelf Clock

  • Price - $160.00
  • Description
    • 8 Day Time, Strike, and Alarm
    • Original Paper Dial - Dark with Faded Numerals
    • Level in Base
    • Walnut Case
    • 25" Tall

6. Antique Ingraham Enameled Mantel Clock

  • Price - $125.00
  • Description
    • 8 Day Time and Strike Movement
    • Original Celluloid Dial
    • Wood Enameled Case
    • 12 1/4" Tall x 17" Wide

7. Antique Ingraham Howard Shelf Clock

  • Price - $115.00
  • Description
    • 8 Day Time and Strike movement
    • Original Paper Dial Discolored Over Time
    • Circa 1915
    • Softwood Case with Mahogany Finish
    • 9 3/4" Tall x 16" Wide

8. Ingraham Defender "Onyx" Antique Kitchen Clock

  • Price - $175.00
  • Description
    • 8 Day Time, Strike, and Alarm
    • Some Crazing of Varnish on Case (Alligatoring)
    • Original Dial
    • 22" Tall

9. Antique Ingraham Embossed Long Drop School Clock

  • Price - $225.00
  • Description
    • 8 Day Time Only
    • Embossed Case
    • Dirty Paper Dial
    • Read "Regulator" on Bottom Glass
    • Very Nice Looking Pendulum
    • 32" Long

10. Ingraham Tambour Mantel Clock

  • Price - $85.00
  • Description
    • 8 Day Time and Strike movement
    • Dark Mahogany Case
    • 10 1/4" Tall x 20 3/4" Wide

Rember all E. Ingraham clocks from Merritt's are sold in "as found" condition, and they are guaranteed complete. The prices seen here do not include shipping charges. Visit our website to see our full listing of E. Ingraham clocks.

Thursday, June 20, 2013

Early American Clock Companies: Sessions Clock Company

Sessions Black Mantel Shelf Clock
In 1902, William E. Sessions and other family members took control of what was previously the E.N. Welch Company in Forestville, Connecticut. After the business had been failing financially after the death of its founder in the later 19th century, members of the Sessions family began buying stock from previous shareholders until they were the controlling members. In 1903, the company was renamed the Sessions Clock Company

Previously, Sessions's father, who owned a foundry, had produced cases for the E.N. Welch Company. The company continued to manufacture Welch clocks, but began introducing their own line of clocks producing all components including movements, cases, dials, artwork, and castings. Between 1903 and 1933, the Sessions family produced 52 models of mechanical clocks. These included regulators, wall clocks, mantle clocks, and shelf clocks. By 1920 they had started phasing out the older Welch styles of pressed-oak kitchen clocks and black mantel clocks. 

By 1930, the company had spread out to manufacturing electric clocks as wells as traditional brass movements. The electric Sessions W model was used widely by casting companies by the end of World War I. In 1936, Sessions completely discontinued manufacturing spring-driven clocks as electric clocks were more popular and the depression had caused them to be stuck with a large inventory of the spring-driven clocks.

Between 1943 and 1945 all clock production was halted as a result of World War II. During this time Sessions manufactured war materials. 

Sessions Superior Wall Clock
In the 1950s, the company would further spread its wings to producing television timers cheaper electric clocks, plastic alarm clocks, and kitchen wall clocks. The one real innovation the company had during the 50s was "The Lady," which was the first (and last) family planning clock that could keep up with a woman's menstrual cycle. Surprisingly, this never caught on with the public, but they are a collector's item in today's market.

In 1956, the company name was changed to The Sessions Company and sales were increasingly declining. In 1958, the company was sold to Consolidated Electronics Industries Corporation of New York, who was interested in their timing devices. In 1959 William K. Sessions (grandson to William E. Sessions) left the clock company and formed the New England Clock Company. 

Sessions would continue to go through ownership changes over the next decade and a half. After a nine week strike in 1968, the company was once again sold to United Metal Goods Company in Brooklyn, and they would shut the business down. 

In 1969, The North American Phillips Cooperation merged with what was left of the Sessions company with plans to manufacture electric control devices. They also once again changed the name to The Session Company, but the company never got off the ground. After the business was liquidated, the remaining buildings were sold in 1970 to Dabko Industries, a machine parts manufacturer.

Resources:  Alexander H. Phillips - Clockmaker, National Clock Repair

Wednesday, June 12, 2013

Early American Clock Companies: E.N. Welch Company

Welch, Spring, & Co. Mantel Clock
In 1856 Elisha N. Welch took over J.C. Brown's Forestville Hardware and Clock Company after it went bankrupt due to a fire as well as Elisha Manross's failing clock parts business and started a new company named E.N. Welch. This would go on to be one of the largest clock companies in Bristol.

The E.N. Welch Company was later formed in 1864 as a joint stock corporation that would succeed the private company. From 1868 to 1884 Welch formed a subsidiary company with Solomon Crosby Spring and Benjamin Bennet Lewis called Welch, Spring, & Company to specialize in producing more expensive clocks including regulators and calendars. These were well known for their rosewood cases.

The “Patti” movement was produced from 1879 until 1884. This movement was thought to be the highest quality movement created by Welch. He named it after a Spanish diva named Adelina Patti, whom he was enamored. Today it is one of the most sought after movements by collectors.

E.N. Welch Rosewood Mantel Clock
Although the Patti movement was highly regarded, the first Patti clock did not live up to sales expectations. Welch would die in 1887 only a few years after they stopped producing the movement, and his son would take over the company. However, in 1899 two fires would destroy the movement company.

After the fire, the company was plagued with financial burdens (mortagages and bank loans that were past due) that had started directly after Welch's death. Around 1893 the company had even started selling off stock as well as trying to produce a cheaper clock. Even when a new brick factory was built in April 1900, they were unable to meet all financial liabilities.

Throughout this time of burden for the company, members of the Sessions family were buying out stockholders. By 1902 they took control of the company, and by 1903 it was now known as the Sessions Clock Company.

Tuesday, May 28, 2013

Early American Clock Companies: Ansonia Clock Company

The clock business in America did not become a prominent part of American culture until around the early 19th century. After Eli Terry made it affordable to manufacture clocks in America, other clock designers decided to become part of the industrialized clock age. Thus, Mass produced clocks in the United States took off and areas like Connecticut became home to the American clock.

This is the first part in a series devoted to the early American clock companies that helped to put American clocks on the same level as the European clocks that existed at and before this time.

The Ansonia Company

Ansonia Triumph Mirror Side
Anson Greene Phelps did not start off in the clock business but rather in the brass business. In 1844, Phelps formed the Ansonia Brass Company in an attempt to supply the nine clock companies in Connecticut who were manufacturing clocks. 

In 1850 The Ansonia Clock Company, also known as Ansonia Brass & Clock Co., was created as a subsidiary of Ansonia Brass Company. Phelps purchased fifty percent of the largest clock manufacturers business in Bristol, Connecticut - Theodore Terry and Franklin C. Andrews.

In 1877, clock maker Henry J. Davies joined the company as a founder when it moved to
Brooklyn, New York. He is thought to be largely responsible for the company's figurine clocks, swing clocks, and other unusual designs, which Ansonia became known for creating and producing. The unique novelty clocks with cupids, angels, babies, and other ornamental designs usually are what come to mind when people think of Ansonia clocks. 

Ansonia Teardrop
In 1880, the Brooklyn factory burned down, and it was rebuilt and expanded on the same spot. By 1881, this factory exceeded the Connecticut's capacity and by 1883 the Bristol factory was closed. Success would only grow until huge debts were accumulated in the 1920s eventually resulting in the sell of company parts to the Soviet Union.

Today, antique Ansonia clocks live on and can be found in antique shops worldwide. They are a unique piece not only of American history but also of the way clocks have evolved in the last two to three centuries.

Tuesday, April 23, 2013

Famous Clocks from Around the Globe

It might come as a surprise to some people that there are many clocks from around the world that are considered famous. Some of them just for existing for so long, some for their size, and others from the way they were constructed. It might also come as a surprise that people travel to these remote locations just to see these clocks.

Big Ben

Well, not really. "Big Ben," located in London, England is actually the name of the bell of the clock tower at the north end of the Palace of Westminster. The clock is officially named the Great Westminster Clock. Previously called the 'Clock Tower,' it is now known as the Elizabeth Tower after Queen Elizabeth II, and it is the third largest free standing clock tower in the world. The actual clock is the world's largest four-faced clock, and it combined with the whole tower have become a prominent London symbol.

Strasbourg Astronomical Clock

This is third clock to stand in Cathedrale Notre-Dame of Strasbourg, Alsace, France. It was completed in 1842 and is one of the most complicated mechanical clocks ever made. The features on the clock include automata, a perpetual calendar, display of the real position of the sun and moon, and solar and lunar eclipses. However, the main attraction the real attraction of the clock is what happens every day at half past noon. Eighteen inch high Christ and the Apostles figures appear and move while a cock crows three times. 

Grand Central Terminal Clock

Located inside Grand Central Station at New York City this clock recently celebrated its 100th birthday. The Grand Central Terminal Clock could be a movie star in its own right as it has appeared in countless movies. The four opal faces surrounded by brass are illuminated to make it a consistent meeting place for travelers in the city.

Prague Astronomical Clock

Also known as Prague Orloj this is the oldest astronomical clock in the world that is still operating. Located in Prague, Czech Republic it was built in 1410 along the southern wall of the Old Town City Hall. The astronomical dial of the clock represents the position of the sun and the moon in the sky,and it also contains a calendar dial with medallions that represent each month. There are also figures such as The Apostles and what is believed to be Death striking the time that move each hour. 

Shepard Gate Clock

Mounted on the wall outside the Royal Greenwich Observatory, the Shepard Gate Clock is probably one of the most important clocks in the world. It is an electric clock controlled by the pulses of master clock inside the building, which is the home to the Greenwich Meridian Line where the Prime Meridian starts at 0. It was probably the first clock to show the Greenwich Mean Time. 

Tuesday, March 26, 2013

Alarm Clocks You Cannot Ignore

If you are like most people, the morning comes entirely too soon, and your alarm clock has taken its fair share of abuse. You probably hit the snooze button at least a couple of times before rolling out of bed knowing this will only put you behind and will not really give you the rest you want. What if you had an alarm clock that could not be ignored in the morning? could you start your day not in a rush?

This list of alarm clocks might be well worth your money or they might inspire you to come up with a clock as equally if not more creative. They could also give you an idea about what you absolutely cannot ignore in the morning and will have you up and out of bed the moment it goes off.

Nixie Ramos

This alarm clock has also been labeled the most diabolically evil alarm clock. The goal of the Nixie Ramos alarm clock is to get you out of bed immediately – no snooze allowed. The only way to deactivate this alarm clock is to get up and walk to the Defuse Panel that can be set up in a different part of your home. Then you have to enter a code (the date) that will wirelessly tell the clock to turn off. The alarm clock is also only battery operated to keep you from unplugging it, and it is not exactly cheap so damaging it might not be the wisest decision.

Phillip's Wake Up Light

Possibly much less annoying than the Nixie unless light is more bothersome to you than sound, the Phillip's Wake Up Light uses a combination of light and sound that gradually increase to slowly wake you up instead of jarring you out of whatever dream you might have been having.


This little guy will let you hit the snooze button, but you may pay for it afterwards. After you hit snooze, Clocky rolls off the table or whatever you may have sat him on. Then he finds a place to hide until it is time to go off again. This leaves you with the only option of getting out of bed to look for him.


The Sfera alarm clock is another one that is effective but works more at your own pace in the morning. The clock will hang above your bed and when you hit snooze in the morning it will retract so you have to reach a little further to hit snooze the next time. The goal is that eventually you will have no choice but to get up to turn the alarm off.


Since many people now use their mobile phone as an alarm clock it would not be fair to leave out an alarm to help this group of people get up in the morning. The OKITE app in particular is for iPhone users. The app is linked to the users Twitter account and each time you hit snooze in the morning, be prepared to have a humiliating or weird post go out to your followers. So, this one may not be that effective for you if sleep is more important than public image.

Tuesday, March 12, 2013

A Brief History of the Pocket Watch

Towson Watch Company "Classic"
Even though we may only think of them as heirlooms or antiques now. Before the invention of the wristwatch, pocket watches were the portable clock of choice. The reign of pocket watches lasted several centuries. From the 16th century until World War I, if a person carried a clock with them it was a variation of a pocket watch.

First Mention

The earliest mention of pocket watches dates back to 1462 in a letter from Italian clockmaker Bartholomew Manfredi to the Marchese di Mantova Federico Gonzaga. However, it was master locksmith of Nuremberg Peter Henlein that is noted as inventing the actual pocket watch design, and by 1524 he was manufacturing pocket watches regularly.


Until Henlein created the mainspring that made it possible for small and portable clocks to exist, clocks were powered by falling weights. Then in 1650 English physicist Robert Hooke designed a watch with a balance spring. This controlled the oscillations of the wheel that more efficiently controlled the watch's operation.

By the 18th century, jewels were used as bearings – some pocket watches even used diamonds. This was to smoothen and lubricate the movement of the watch's hands.

Only one hand was used until the 16th century when the second hand was introduced, and this was a vast improvement in the accuracy of the time. In the second half of the 18th century a third hand was added.


Clocks that were worn date back to the 16th century when individuals would pin a smaller clock pendant to their clothes or wear on a chain around their neck. By the 17th century men began to wear watches in their pockets instead of as pendants. Charles II of England was said to have started this trend when he introduced waistcoats. This style caused the pocket watch to evolve into what they are known as today.

By the end of the 18th century watches were becoming more common, and special cheap pocket watches with maritime paintings on the dials were sold to sailors. This had a lot to do with Aaron Lufkin Dennison inspiration from mass-production techniques he learned while working for a firearms company. His partner, Edward Howard, and he figured out how to create machines that would mass produce parts small enough to make clocks.

Pocket watches helped to bring forward some very famous names in clock design. They also helped to push forward the quality of clock design. Until the 20th century with the arrival of WWI, pocket watches were insanely popular. After the increase in wristwatch popularity, pocket watches started to become an image of an older time.